**Mathematics 8**

Mathematics 8 is designed to develop and reflect upon numeracy skills by combining mathematical knowledge, communication skills, problem solving, reasoning, mental math, estimation, visualization, and the use of technology. Students will learn to understand math in meaningful contexts and link concrete and abstract ideas through concrete, pictorial, and symbolic concepts. Students will be encouraged to take risks in their investigations, and will work on their ability to solve more difficult problems. Students will be expected to meet all outcomes of the course in order to successfully complete Mathematics 8.

**Mathematics 8/9**

Mathematics 8/9 combines the curricula from Mathematics 8 and Mathematics 9. See those corresponding course descriptions. Students must directly apply to take this course. The application process includes a teacher reference and test (to be taken at Boyd at the time indicated on the application form). Please contact the school for more information. Students can move to Mathematics 10 Foundations and Pre-Calculus only upon receiving a minimum level of 5 in all criterion.

**Mathematics 9**

Mathematics 9 continues to develop and build upon the concepts and numeracy skills developed in the Mathematics 8 curriculum. Students will move from whole and integer number systems into the realm of solving using rational numbers. Students will learn to further their thinking through explanations, drawings/models, visualizations, and discussions with others, in order to create deeper understanding. Students will continue to be encouraged to take risks in their investigations, and will work on their ability to solve more challenging problems. Students will be expected to meet all outcomes of the course in order to successfully complete Mathematics 9.

**Mathematics 10 Apprenticeship & Workplace**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades and for direct entry into the work force. The course will concentrate on algebra, geometry, number sense with practical applications measurement, and trigonometry, and will continue to focus on mathematical processes learned in Math 8 and 9. Students with a credit for Apprenticeship & Workplace Mathematics 10 are eligible to take Apprenticeship & Workplace Mathematics 11.

**Mathematics 10 Foundations And Pre-Calculus**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in both the arts and the sciences. The course will concentrate on algebra, number theory and operations, relations and functions, trigonometry, measurement, and logical reasoning, and will continue to focus on the mathematical processes learned in Math 8 and 9. Students with a credit for Foundations of Mathematics 10 are eligible to take Foundations of Mathematics 11 or Pre-Calculus 11.

**Mathematics 11 Apprenticeship & Workplace**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical- thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades and for direct entry into the work force. The course will concentrate on measurement, geometry, applications of numbers, algebra and statistics. Students with a credit in Apprenticeship & Workplace 11 are eligible to take Apprenticeship & Workplace Mathematics 12.

**Mathematics 11 Foundations And Pre-Calculus**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that DO NOT require the study of theoretical Calculus. This course will concentrate on measurement, geometry, logical reasoning, statistics, and relations and functions. The course also involves a mathematics research project. Students with a credit in Foundations 11 are eligible to take Foundations of Mathematics 12. ****The different Math 11 courses vary in terms of content. As such, students may take more than one Math course at the grade 11 levels. Students planning to go into Sciences/Engineering at university are encouraged to take both Foundations Math 11 as well as Pre-Calculus Math 11.

**Math 11 Pre- Calculus**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for entry into post-secondary programs that require the study of theoretical Calculus. This course will concentrate on algebra and numbers, trigonometry, relations and functions. Students with a credit in Pre-Calculus 11 are eligible to take Pre-Calculus of Mathematics 12. **Recommended Preparation: Suggested "C+" grade minimum in Foundations & Pre-Calculus of Mathematics 10 **

**Advanced Placement Calculus 12**

This course is designed for students intending to study Calculus at the college or university level. Topics include: limits, differentiation, and applications to curve sketching, maximum/ minimum problems, rate problems, growth-decay problems, areas and volumes of revolution. Students may elect to write the AP examination. Students achieving a score of 4 or 5 on this exam may apply for standing granted for first semester calculus at many post-secondary institutions.

**Mathematics 12 Apprenticeship & Workplace**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical- thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades and for direct entry into the work force. The course will concentrate on measurement, geometry, applications of numbers, algebra and statistics. Students with a credit in Apprenticeship & Workplace 11 are eligible to take Apprenticeship & Workplace Mathematics 12.

**Mathematics 12 Foundations**

Foundations of Mathematics 12 is a course designed for students who have taken Foundations of Math 11. In this course, students will develop number sense in financial applications, logical reasoning, critical thinking skill related to uncertainty, and algebraic and graphical reasoning through the study of relations and functions. This course also entails a Mathematics Research Project through which students will research and give a presentation on a current even or an area of interest that involves mathematics in order to develop an appreciation of the role of mathematics in society. *Students are reminded that it is their responsibility to research college/University program requirements prior to selecting their math courses, as these are subject to change.

Pre-Calculus Mathematics 12 is an academically challenging course designed for students who have been successful in Pre-Calculus Math 11 and are planning to take Calculus in college/university. In this course, students will develop trigonometric reasoning, algebraic and graphical reasoning through the study of functions and relations, algebraic and graphical reasoning through the study of logarithms, and algebraic and numeric reasoning involving combinatorics. *Students are reminded that it is their responsibly to research college/university program requirements prior to selecting their math courses, as these are subject to change. **Recommended Preparation: Suggested "C+" grade minimum in Pre-Calculus 11**